Glasgow has led the way, having had a low emission zone in place since 2018. Currently it governs buses but after 31 December 2022 it will be extended to all vehicles. Preparations are already underway for similar schemes in the other cities named, a dedicated Scottish Government website encouraging residents to sign up for updates so they know how – and when - they may be affected.
More information about charges and enforcement will be announced later this year but regulation will be similar to that in London, where cameras record vehicles entering the zone and Automatic Number Plate Recogition (ANPR) technology checks them against the database to charge the registered keeper or issue fines if they don’t comply. Zones will be clearly signed and operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week, though a ‘grace period’ will run immediately following introduction for older or non-compliant vehicles so owners have opportunity to modify or replace them.